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LAST UPDATED:  Thursday 28th February 2008

  Click on the headings below 

LOCAL United Kingdom
Other WLAN Links

  LOCAL: United Kingdom


Amateur Radio general information site.

With huge amount of links and references from dozens of contributors:



The Initial proposal for Community and "Amateur Radio Repeater Internet Services" using IEEE 802.11 - Newsletter from G8OTA. Widely circulated inc. ARRL, RSGB, UKRS,  Datacom, Microwave and Repeater management committees.  Reprinted by ham radio publications around the world.

- Hon. Secretary Mendip Repeater Group - U.K. (MRG Dec1998).

  photo: Home Counties Amateur Television Group


An early (1992) Commununity Media Feasibility Study supported by South Thames Training and Enterprise Council for and on behalf of Stockwell Park Tenant Management Association.



Supplementary notes on new hardware options for community media hardware such as:- Web Radio, Web TV. "InterMedia" and low cost  delivery systems such as rooftop signal injection into communal  antenna cables and IEEE 802.11LANs.




The UK community radio movement arose out of a series of standing conferences in the early 1980s leading to the founding in 1983 of the Community Radio Association. The CRA began life as a broad coalition of campaigners and academics, unlicensed stations, radio production workshops and community activists. Its aim was, and remains, to establish a third sector of UK radio which will be locally owned and controlled and not run for private commercial gain. The CRA (now the CMA) is a membership organisation providing information, advice, training and consultancy. It represents the interests of Community Media to policy makers and other important bodies and holds regular conferences and events.

Following a resolution passed at the 1997 Community Media Conference, it has been decided that the name of the organisation should be changed to the Community Media Association (CMA). The new name reflects our increasing involvement in other forms of Community Media, for example community television and new media (including the internet). The CMA will continue to be part of these new forms of community broadcasting and will evolve appropriately in order to continue to best represent our member organisations.

Image of 3.jpg Cybernetics Society / The

is the UK national learned society and professional body promoting pure and applied cybernetics.

Image of 4.jpg How Radio WLANs Work

Draft of article for "Radio Today" (published Aug. 2000)

Future for Amateur Radio and Community WLANs /A
Draft of article for "Radio Today" (due Oct. 2000)



Chapters Worldwide.

11150 Sunset Hills Road Suite 100

Reston, VA 20190-5321 USA

TEL: +1 703 326 9880
FAX: +1 703 326 9881

4, rue des Falaises
CH-1205 Geneva

TEL: +41 22 807 1444
FAX: +41 22 807 1445

Join Here

The Internet Society

"The Internet Society is a non-profit, non-governmental, international, professional membership organization. Its more than 175 organization and 8,600 individual members in over 170 nations worldwide represent a veritable who's who of the Internet community. You should be a member, too. Join Here

ISOC is the organizational home of the Internet Engineering Task Force, the Internet Architecture Board, the Internet Engineering Steering Group, and the Internet Research Task Force. Specific activities include support for the RFC Editor Function of the IETF.

Public Policy
ISOC is active in areas such as censorship/freedom of expression, taxation, governance, and intellectual property. ISOC Public Policy activities include support for the Internet Societal Task Force (ISTF).

Education & Training
The Internet Society has helped train many of the key information technology leaders around the world through programs such as the annual Network Training Workshops (NTW), Sustainable Internet Training Centers (SITCs), and sponsorship of the Internet Fiesta. The Internet Society The Internet Engineering Task Force Internet Architecture Board (IAB) Internet Societal Task Force The Internet Society England


Informal is a research and implementation group for collaborative research with a focus on social development and technology. Informal can provide support on many levels such as:

Web resources

  • Network infrastructure
  • Project Management
  • Peer review
  • Initiating Projects
  • Information Publishing
  • A meeting place
  • Contact sharing

    The organisation is highly interdisciplinary and places particular emphasis on close collaboration with global partner agencies. Informal has no ‘formal’ membership apart from the basic directorial structure.

    Our aim is to collaborate with a number of highly skilled individuals to pool these skills and apply this experience in innovative ways. Background experience of our collaborators is very diverse; Project Management, Design, Software Development and Strategy.

    Informal is a Non-Profit Organisation (Company No. :04453920) registered in the UK with bases in the UK and Denmark. Informal was formed in June 2001.


    Jan 2003

    Image of 8.jpg Information Language & Society

    The decline of community through commercial displacement of community communications as a causal homeostatic self-regulating effector. 
    Extract from Norbert Wiener's original "Cybernetics" (MIT 1948).

    Image of 11.jpg Telecentres Powys:

    Telecentres Powys Vision Statement (Draft)

    A force to counter current social and economic trends by bringing the application of information, communications, office and Internet technologies closer to individuals, voluntary and community groups and businesses in rural Powys.

    Image of 12.jpg Telecentres Powys: WLAN Feasibility Study

    How 26 small village community based "Telecentres" in  Mid-Wales can interconnect and extensively provide free broadband local network access, adapting standard 802.11 equipment


    Image of 13.jpg TeleCottage Association / The

    The TCA is a member of the European Telework

    Development Project (ETD)

    The TCA is Europe's largest organisation dedicated to the promotion of teleworking. Over 2,000 people and organisations have joined us since we started in 1993. The TCA believesthat teleworking can benefit people by increasing the quality of life and improving access to work.

    Image of 15.jpg TeleWorker Magazine / The

    The TCA s bi-monthly magazine.

    The TCA is Europe's largest organisation dedicated to the promotion of teleworking. Over 2,000 people and organisations have joined us since we started in 1993. The TCA believes that teleworking can benefit people by increasing the quality of life and improving access to work.

      Back issues:

    802.11 Planet

    The Network allows you to target the Internet audience you're looking for -- a hi-tech community of Internet industry professionals, developers, and Web managers. The Network's Internet specific content assures that your ad dollars are well spent. With over 160 award-winning Web sites, 225 e-mail newsletters and more than 50 moderated e-mail discussion lists advertisers can be sure that they can target their marketing message to their desired audience.

    More than 20 million unique users generate 250 million page views monthly. Total "views", which include Web site page views, e-mail newsletter views and e-mail discussion list views, are now over 350 million per month.'s global presence includes editions in Asia, Australia, Germany, Japan, Korea, South Africa and Turkey.

    Let us create a highly successful marketing program tailored to your requirements.

    Image of 16.jpg World Organisation of Systems and Cybernetics (WOSC) / The

    Organisation Mondiale pour la Syst mique et la Cyberntique (OMSC), is a federation of national associations and Institutions devoted to systems or cybernetics, with English, French and  Russian as official languages. It was founded in 1960 by Professor J. Rose, who is now Honorary Director of the organisation. 

    Dr Norbert Wiener is the President in Memoriam.

    The President is Professor Stafford Beer.

      Recommended:   (to visit)
    ASTRA Broadband Interactive System

    Offering two-way broadband connectivity via satellite. The ASTRA Broadband Interactive System (BBI) is an open and neutral technology platform, offering users receive and transmit capabilities from the ASTRA Satellite System. Users will be able to receive data, video and audio at speeds of up to 38 Mbit/s. And the return channel from the users, sent via a Satellite Interactive Terminal (SIT) will transmit at speeds of up to 2 Mbit/s. BBI is optimized for asymmetric two-way communications (for example, for broadcasting or multicasting with interactive capabilities) and is based upon IP protocols, supporting all common standard Internet applications.



    Bentley Walker Ltd

    BU-1 is the first of a new generation of low cost, high speed
    internet services via satellite for which you need: 

    No Telephone Line
    No Leased Line 
    No ISDN Line                                 

    With this premium service, you have a permanent 2-way circuit that will save many hours delay in logging-on, downloading large files or surfing the net and eliminate all telephone costs. E-mails and data are forwarded automatically on receipt from the hub straight to your server or PC.

    The hub is connected by a high speed fibre optic link to the internet backbone, data is broadcast by the hub 4MB/s (upgradeable) in a DVB multiplex to each user terminal, each of which has a direct return link to the hub at 16KB/s (soon to be upgraded to 32KB/s) burst mode.






    "The greatest freedom one can give to another is how to become a self-sufficient learner and earner, via the Internet. This site is dedicated to those who lend their wings to others."

    Frank Odasz

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    IEEE Standards Products Catalog: Wireless (802.11)

    List of related IEEE Standards in the IEEE Standards Association Products Catalog. 2/29/2000

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    New! IEEE 802 Standards Available for Free Download!

    IEEE 802.11 Wireless LAN Standards

    Beginning 15 May 2001, the IEEE is making 802 standards available for free download.

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    The IEEE 802.16 Working Group on Broadband Wireless Access Standards

    Creating the IEEE 802.16 WirelessMANTM Standard

    for Wireless Metropolitan Area Networks

    The IEEE 802.16 Working Group on Broadband Wireless Access Standards develops standards and recommended practices to support the development and deployment of broadband Wireless Metropolitan Area Networks. 802.16 is a unit of the IEEE 802 LAN/MAN Standards Committee, the premier transnational forum for wireless networking standardization.

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    IEEE 802.11 MFG.

    IEEE 802.11 Wireless LAN Manufacturers

    Comprehensive List of IEEE 802.11 WLAN Manufacturers 


    IEEE 802.11 WLAN RF Operation & Measurements

    This is an application note from Agilent Technologies (formerly Hewlett Packard).

    It is an excellent paper dealing broadly with most aspects of the new technologies which a hardware design and systems engineer would like to know about.

    802.11b and 802.11a (and Hyperlan) as well as OFDM, DSSS

    An excellent technical reference



    the IEEE 802.11

    WLAN protocol 

    IEEE 802.11 WLAN OPNET model [Node model]

    Node model The node model defines the logical structure if the stations in the BSS. Each station has five sub-modules : the source, the mac (Medium Access Control),  the bus_tx (transmitter), the bus_rx (receiver) and the sink. 





    You can view overview pdfs for each of the parts in the PRISM chip sets by clicking on the part numbers in the large view of the block diagrams. Click here for the Mandarin Chinese presentation in Adobe .pdf format.

  • 2.4GHz PCMCIA Reference Design (PRISM 2.5)
  • 2.4GHz MiniUSB WLAN Reference Design (PRISM 2.5)
  • 2.4GHz MiniPCI WLAN Reference Design (PRISM 2.5)
  • 2.4GHz WLAN Access Point (PRISM 2)
  • 2.4GHz PCMCIA WLAN Reference Design (PRISM 3)
  • 5GHz PCMCIA WLAN Reference Design (PRISM Indigo)


    The ITU, headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland is an international organization within the United Nations System where governments and the private sector coordinate global telecom networks and services.


    Broadband ushers in convergence - at last. Broadband networks can be used for communication of all kinds (voice, data, video, etc.). In a narrowband world, several distinct industries focus on specific kinds of communication. The telecommunications industry focuses on voice, the TV industry (cable and broadcast) focuses on video, and the IT industry focuses on data. These industries have traditionally been regulated distinctly due to their varying levels of monopolisation, national interest, and universal service responsibilities. Such distinct regulation may not 'fit' the converged world of broadband.


    Guy Kewyney

    Guy Kewney's Mobile Campaign

    The aim of this site is to make wireless data easier. And to do that, we, the users of mobile devices, have to shift a lot of rubble out of the way. We can do it, if we joint together; and we need more industry support to do this.

    I need your help. I have a vision of a world where you can have full-speed broadband access to any data you want, without having to find an office. Like, the garden, the nearest coffee shop, the bedroom, the nearest pub, the bar in the hotel (not just the business centre) or even a street bench. Wireless can make this happen.

    But it won't just happen by itself; it needs wireless users to put pressure on people who oppose the idea.

    There are institutions which oppose wireless data. There are standards which make it impossible. And there are Government bodies who move only reluctantly and slowly, unless we users learn to speak out urgently, and make ourselves heard.

    Image of 28.jpg Linux WLAN

    Linux WLAN Products from Absolute Value Systems ..

    NET AGENT is the biggest austrian wardriving and wireless network
    community page

    Oct 2003

    ORiNOCO Wireless Solutions

    Building upon Lucent Technology's industry-leading WaveLAN wireless business solutions, the ORiNOCO family now includes secure, high-speed Network and Internet Access products for both the home and Public hot spots. Public hot spots. Public hot spots include universities, office complexes, and airports.




    Ultra Wide Band

    "The UWB method has captured the imagination of communication engineers for many decades. It is simply a more elegant wireless solution resulting in better utilisation of scarce spectrum resources, robust signals and low power devices with additional smarts. The application of the CellonicsTM technology to UWB shows that such a next generation system can be realised simply and efficiently now, " said Mr. Lye Hoeng Fai, CEO, Cellonics Inc.

    UWB is a pulse-based method of communication now finding fast acceptance and application in the wireless community. Traditional wireless systems such as Wireless LAN or GSM use a carrier (sine wave) method to convey information. A pulse-based system is more robust, especially in a built-up area where multipath interference is likely. Transmission is also more secure as its signal signature is not easily duplicated. A pulse-based system will also have additional smarts such as ranging and object sensing."



    A High Speed

    Digital Backbone

    Radio Link

    A High Speed Digital Backbone Radio Link

    This page outlines my experimental aims towards building a low cost, high speed digital radio point to point link. Such links are intended as a backbone for a future high speed data network, and will run at speeds above 1 Mbps. Intended frequency of operation is in the amateur 10 GHz and/or 24 GHz bands.

    Why a high speed data network? I see several reasons why a high speed data network can be of benefit to the amateur community. Besides the obvious reasons of experimentation and relieving the congestion on the current packet radio system, I have outlined my thoughts on the matter in my essay: Amateur Radio - A Future Vision.




    If you care about the issues surrounding Internet radio, including DMCA reform PLEASE JOIN US NOW and let's work together to STOP THE RIAA!

    Make a difference starting right now, and JOIN US TODAY.
    For more information send us an email at:

    April 2004

    Image of 32.jpg WLANA - The Wireless LAN Alliance

    The Wireless Local Area Network Association. Introduction to Wireless LANs Bluetooth technology is a forthcoming wirelesspersonal area networking (WPAN) technology that has gained significant industry support and will coexist with most wireless LAN solution

    Image of 33.jpg WinZip

    Industry Standard file packing and compression program,distributed as Shareware.



    Wireless Networking in the Developing World

    Wireless Networking in the Developing World is a free book about designing, implementing, and maintaining low-cost wireless networks.

    The project

    In January 2006, the "WNDW" team released the first edition of Wireless Networking in the Developing World. Since then, the project has grown to include a bunch of new resources, including:

    • A revised and expanded second English edition of the book
    • Various translations, including Spanish, French, Arabic, and Italian
    • A second Spanish edition of the book
    • Updated wiki and discussion groups
    • Several new case studies contributed by our readers

    Our goal

    The goal of the WNDW project is to help everyone get the resources they need to build wireless networks that solve real communication problems. Help us meet our goal by spreading the word and sharing your own network stories!

    Feb 2008

      Other WLAN links:

    Spread Spectrum Scene 

    Wireless Local Area Networks have certainly advanced over the last seven to 10 years, haven't they? Then there's all this controversy over which standard to use -- Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum, under FCC 802-11 or Frequency Hopping under FCC's new rulemaking issued August 31, 2000! Perhaps most significant are all the recent concerns about WLAN security.

    This page is intended to help guide you from the basic theory of WLANs, to the design of WLANs, through the selection of vendor hardware and system architecture. We provide links to recent news stories on WLANs, reference books available to purchase, and a wealth of free information on the Web! Please explore the links and Topics below to gain a more complete understanding of today's WLAN Systems!

    Image of 35.jpg Exciting RF & Wireless WEB Gateway: Wireless Today

    The Best RF & Wireless Site on the WEB! Wireless Today is The WEB Online resource for information about Today's and Tomorrow's Wireless and RF Systems. Our pages are filled with useful tutorial, how-to and reference information for the working Wireless 


    Image of 38.jpg WinProp

    Prediction of wave propagation in indoor, urban and terrain scenarios. Wireless mobile communication networks incl. Radio network planning for macrocells, microcells, WLAN, indoor, Picocells


    The future of internetcommunications lies in wireless technology. Build your Wireless LAN (WLAN) today and find out what all the talk is about. Wireless Internet is here.

    What is a WIPOP?

    A POP (Point Of Presence) is a term that is commonly used in the internet industry to denote a central facility or hub which subscribers use to access the internet provider's broadband backbone.

    Image of 39.jpg Wireless LAN: New Standard, New Wares WLAN 

    business  may increase with roll out of IEEE 802.11-compliant products. 


    Wireless LAN/MAN Modem Product Directory

    This is a survey of currently available wireless RF modem products suitable for wireless LAN and MAN . includes only those products which are suitable for unlicenced operation in the ISM bands: 900 MHz (902-928 MHz), 2.4 GHz  (2400-2483.5 MHz) and 5.8 GHz (5725-5850MHz).  Some of these products are intended for very short range wireless applications, while others are designed to be  used as longer-haul point-to-point wireless bridges, and some can be used in either role. This survey covers only complete wireless modem products 
    (i.e., plug-in cards or standalone units). It does not cover 
    chip sets, amplifiers, etc.

    Wireless 802.11 IP Phones

    Spectralink Wireless IP phones. These are robust (8m drop test) phones Dual pager/phone functionality. These interconnect via a standard IEEE 802.11 2.4 GHz Wireless Access Point (WAP). 

    Full function phones - they mirror the functions of the desk  phone and PBX. 

    The Wireless Access Point is thereby used to deliver both data AND voice.

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