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LAST UPDATED:  Monday 30th July 2012

  Click on the headings below 


  LOCAL: United Kingdom
ARAMISKA - Two-way satellite gateway technology

AramiskaTM offers high-speed Internet access and broadband services to businesses, delivered via two-way satellite technology. Our service is available throughout Europe, unlike business broadband services from other providers. It provides customers with fast and cost-effective always-on Internet connections. This enables them to increase the efficiency of their operations, improve effectiveness and knowledge of their staff and focus on their core competence.

Rates at June 2004:

ARC500 - 512Kbits/sec Downstream - 128Kbits/sec Upstream GBP £149/m
ARC1000 - 1024Kbits/sec Downstream - 256Kbits/sec Upstream GBP £199/m  
ARC2000 - 2048Kbits/sec Downstream - 512Kbits/sec Upstream £249/m

Note: All costs exclude VAT at 17.5%.
Installation is currently at £250
Contention of 8:1 Downstream and 4:1 Upstream

Nov 2004







Video showing how to setup Asterisk VOIP server for SMEs


Asterisk is an open source framework for building communications applications. Asterisk turns an ordinary computer into a communications server. Asterisk powers IP PBX systems, VoIP gateways, conference servers and more. It is used by small businesses, large businesses, call centers, carriers and governments worldwide. Asterisk is free and open source. Asterisk is sponsored by Digium

What is Asterisk?

Asterisk, the world's most popular open source communications project, is free, open source software that converts an ordinary computer into a feature-rich voice communications server. Asterisk makes it simple to create and deploy a wide range of telephony applications and services, including IP PBXs, VoIP gateways, call center ACDs and IVR systems.

Asterisk is released as open source under the GNU General Public License (GPL), and it is available for download free of charge. Asterisk® is the leading open source telephony project and the Asterisk community has been ranked as a key factor in the growth of VoIP

What Does Asterisk Do?

·                                 Drivers for various VoIP protocols.
·                                 Drivers for PSTN interface cards and devices.
·                                 Routing and call handling for incoming calls.
·                                 Outbound call generation and routing.
·                                 Media management functions (record, play, generate tone, etc.).
·                                 Call detail recording for accounting and billing.
·                                 Transcoding (conversion from one media format to another).
·                                 Protocol conversion (conversion from one protocol to another).
·                                 Database integration for accessing information on relational databases.
·                                 Web services integration for accessing data using standard internet protocols.
·                                 LDAP integration for accessing corporate directory systems.
·                                 Single and mult-party call bridging.
·                                 Call recording and monitoring functions.
·                                 Integrated "Dialplan" scripting language for call processing.
·                                 External call management in any programming or scripting language through Asterisk Gateway Interface (AGI)
·                                 Event notification and CTI integration via the Asterisk Manager Interface (AMI).
·                                 Speech synthesis (aka "text-to-speech") in various languages and dialects using third party engines.

Speech recognition in various languages using third party recognition engines.
Asterisk is like an erector set or a box of Legos for people who want to create communications applications. That's why we refer to it as a "tool-kit" or "development platform". Asterisk includes all the building blocks needed to create a PBX system, an IVR system or virtually any other kind of communications solution. The "blocks" in the kit include:
This combination of components allows an integrator or developer to quickly create voice-enabled applications. The open nature of Asterisk means that there is no fixed limit on what it can be made to do. Asterisk integrators have built everything from very small IP PBX systems to massive carrier media servers.
Transcoding (conversion from one media format to another).

July 2012



Map of U.K. Broadband - ADSL, DSL - Cable

ADSL enabled exchanges:-

Nov 2004



Be part of the world's largest Wi-Fi Community


BT has joined forces with FON to bring together hundreds of thousands of people in the world's largest Wi-Fi community. And we'd like you to join in.

By taking part, you'll be able to access your broadband wirelessly around the UK and the world.

This means that you can

  • With Wi-Fi, you can access broadband wirelessly.
  • With BT FON, you share your home Wi-Fi with other members and in return get to use theirs when you're out and about.
  • It's completely secure because your access and the visitor's access are kept totally separate.
  • It's free, included as part of your BT Broadband.
  • With your help, we're building the world's largest Wi-Fi internet community. Join us and you'll be able to get wireless broadband around the globe, which means you can check your emails and browse the web wherever you are. And the best bit? It's absolutely free.

    Nov 2007


    Building your own wireless network


    Here are some notes about building a wireless network for use by the community around you. The technology is used to provide high speed, permanently on connectivity between the members of your community. In the case of the network we built in our village we have a measured throughput of 6 Mbit/sec. This is more than fast enough for applications such as IP telephony, video conferencing, multi-player network games or streaming MP3 from a central server. A secondary function of the network is to provide access to the Internet as anyone connected to the network.

    All this can be had for a very small amount of money and some money by using standard off the shelf wireless ethernet equipment using the 802.11 family of standards.

    The notes given here I hope will provide the necessary knowledge for a reasonably technically motivated individual person or group to get going and who to talk to when you get stuck.


    Force 9 U.K. ISP

    Is ADSL available in your area? [Check Availability]
    If not, register your interest here to make a difference. [more]

    • High speed Broadband - speeds of up to 2MB
    • Always on - instant connection
    • Extremely Reliable
    • Won’t tie up your phone or fax line
    • Lightning fast web browsing and email
    • Unlimited email addresses
    • Up to 500Mb of webspace*
    • Up to 2 domain names included**
    • 24/7 Support

    March 2004


    Supplementary notes on new hardware options for community media hardware such as:- Web Radio, Web TV. "InterMedia" and low cost  delivery systems such as rooftop signal injection into communal  antenna cables and IEEE 802.11LANs.


    Image of 4.jpg How Radio WLANs Work

    Draft of article for "Radio Today" (published Aug. 2000)

    Future for Amateur Radio and Community WLANs /A
    Draft of article for "Radio Today" (due Oct. 2000)



    Chapters Worldwide.

    11150 Sunset Hills Road Suite 100

    Reston, VA 20190-5321 USA

    TEL: +1 703 326 9880
    FAX: +1 703 326 9881

    4, rue des Falaises
    CH-1205 Geneva

    TEL: +41 22 807 1444
    FAX: +41 22 807 1445

    Join Here

    The Internet Society

    "The Internet Society is a non-profit, non-governmental, international, professional membership organization. Its more than 175 organization and 8,600 individual members in over 170 nations worldwide represent a veritable who's who of the Internet community. You should be a member, too. Join Here

    ISOC is the organizational home of the Internet Engineering Task Force, the Internet Architecture Board, the Internet Engineering Steering Group, and the Internet Research Task Force. Specific activities include support for the RFC Editor Function of the IETF.

    Public Policy
    ISOC is active in areas such as censorship/freedom of expression, taxation, governance, and intellectual property. ISOC Public Policy activities include support for the Internet Societal Task Force (ISTF).

    Education & Training
    The Internet Society has helped train many of the key information technology leaders around the world through programs such as the annual Network Training Workshops (NTW), Sustainable Internet Training Centers (SITCs), and sponsorship of the Internet Fiesta. The Internet Society The Internet Engineering Task Force Internet Architecture Board (IAB) Internet Societal Task Force The Internet Society England

    HamServ 2.3


    Amateur Radio Data Network Server Software


    HamServ is a TCP/IP Server program that runs under 32 bit windows and offers support for AX25, HTTP, NNTP, POP3, SMTP, and TELNET. Ideally it should be run under the AGW Packet engine, with the add on TCP/IP driver, it then allows for simultaneous connects via the internet and via packet radio, but it can of course be used stand alone, in which case people will be able to connect to it via the Internet.


    • Handles an unlimited number of simultaneous connects, no 16 user limit on the Ax25 port.
    • Exports bulls in WA7MBL / FBB compatible format.
    • Imports bulls in WA7MBL / FBB compatible format.
    • Designed to run with 10,000 active bulls.
    • Bulletins can be read and replied to using Telnet, Explorer, Oulook Express, or Agw Term.
    • Designed to handle 1000 amateur radio newsgroups.
    • Bulletins and personal mail forwarded over the internet, or tcp/ip.
    • Can act as a full packet radio BBS or PMS.
    • Will work along side WinPack under AGW to provide PMS.
    • Automatic extraction of 7plus.
    • Spam block filtering built in.
    • Works well over small LAN.
    • Most prompts and text files user configurable.
    • Will automatically dial into the internet at pre defined intervals to handle mail and bulls.


    Internet access via satellite

    Dish pointing

    Find your site latitude and longitude by looking at a map or using a GPS receiver. Note the satellite orbit location (longitude above the equator) that you will be using. Go to page to determine your dish pointing angles and polarisation. Set the feed polarisation angle. Set the elevation angle really accurately using an inclinometer (allowing for the dish offset) and then, using a compass, swing the antenna boldly around the required azimuth direction. You should find the satelite in a few seconds. Refine the pointing by making small offsets in all directions, which should all cause reductions. Peak up the polarisation with the assistance of the hub who will monitor your transmit carrier for cross polarisation quality.

    Internet access via satellite: How It Works:

    Internet vsat access via satellite: Costs:

    March 2004

    Image of 8.jpg Information Language & Society

    The decline of community through commercial displacement of community communications as a causal homeostatic self-regulating effector. 
    Extract from Norbert Wiener's original "Cybernetics" (MIT 1948).

    The Linux Wireless LAN Howto The Linux Wireless LAN Howto

    "I've decided to collect all the information about Wireless LANs and Linux that I was able to find. The goal was also to document my work and to become famous :-) You will find all that information in the Linux Wireless LAN Howto,available in HTML, PostScript and PDF (see below)".

      Jean Tourrihes


    Providing Solutions For Mobile Adhoc Networking 

  • Background
  • Protocols
  • Software
  • Requirements
  • Download
  • License
  • Documentation
  • Mail List


    Mobile adhoc networking allows users to exchange information in a wireless environment without the need for a fixed infrastructure. Each user (or node), equipped with one or more radios, is free to roam about while communicating with others. The path between any pair of users can traverse multiple wireless links and the radios themselves can be heterogeneous, thus enabling an assortment of different types of links to be part of the same adhoc network.

    The mobility of the nodes results in a network whose topology is dynamic.  The job of the network is to discover the links between the mobile nodes and to build paths so that any user can communicate with any other user, as long as each has a link to the adhoc network. Within the adhoc network, each node acts as a router and forwards packets on behalf of others.

    Discovering links and building paths across the mobile adhoc network are challenging problems. As part of our Mobile Mesh research project, we have developed a suite of non-proprietary protocols  and Open Source software tools that we believe provide robust, scalable, and efficient solutions.



    NetStumbler is a Windows utility for 802.11b based wireless network auditing written by Marius Milner.
    The main reason for was to create a site for the software and to get the word out about it. One other reason which we continually remind our visitors about is wireless security - or lack there of. Due to the compatibility of most wireless hardware between vendors and the direction towards consumer products one key element is continually overlooked by people, security. One of's focuses is to raise awareness of the inherent problems with wireless communication security. Our goal is to one day see vendors focusing on security while keeping the usability which they want to see in their products. This is not a pipe dream. Steps are being taken by wireless developers and groups to improve security for wireless networking.

    At we are set on doing whatever we can do to help the battle for secure communications.

    Jan 2003



    Plug & play Open-Source Mesh

    Ideal for school/office campuses, hotels, apartments and towns: Just plug one of our tiny routers into a DSL or other internet connection and spread additional units around the locations where you want internet access. There is nothing you have to configure - just plug them in.

    Easy to grow: Adding additional routers extends the range and since any router can be plugged into the internet, you can add bandwidth where and when you need it.

    Complete control over your networks: Customize the SSID, splash Page (via our WYSIWYG/HTML editor), redirect URL and control how much bandwidth your users get - all from a free centralized web-based dashboard.

    Monitor your network's health: See how the network is performing, how many people are using it and how much bandwidth they are consuming.

    It's two wireless networks in one: A second encrypted network is available for your private or business use.

    Completely open-source: You can extend or modify the router's functionality. Never be at the mercy of what one company decides is right for you.

    Planning / Installation / Monitoring Guide for RO.B.IN Networks

    Free mesh network management & reporting console for open-source RO.B.IN networks.

    March 2008

    Satellite Signals Europe

    Satellite internet broadband digital access via two-way dish.

    DVB-RCS MF-TDMA D-TDMA and SCPC for home, office and corporate. Ku and C-band Eutelsat and Loral Skynet carriers
    Service is ready for business-quality VoIP and Multimedia streaming along with traditional Internet access, 512-8192 kbit/s downlink, up to 4 Mbit/s uplink. Flexible contention ratio choices.

    March 2004






    SnapLink™ provides a secure, interference free, high speed, focused beam point to point link up to 5 miles. The SnapLink™ product family of IP Radios is easy to install and turn up for data, VoIP and video transport. It uses standard 802.3 Ethernet Protocol interfaces to provide 54 Mbps (Half Duplex) of clear digital IP transport. Because the SnapLink™ radio operates in the unlicensed 24 GHz band, there is no need for frequency coordination or interface with the FCC.

    SnapLink™ Radios are ideal for IP backhaul, internet network extensions and local by-pass. These cost effective radios are made for corporate, private and government network operators interested in clear wireless data.

    ShieldTech Systems 823 Hollywood Boulevard, Crownsville Maryland 21032

    March 2008

    Image of 12.jpg Telecentres Powys: WLAN Feasibility Study

    How 26 small village community based "Telecentres" in  Mid-Wales can interconnect and extensively provide free broadband local network access, adapting standard 802.11 equipment


    Image of 15.jpg TeleWorker Magazine / The

    The TCA s bi-monthly magazine.

    The TCA is Europe's largest organisation dedicated to the promotion of teleworking. Over 2,000 people and organisations have joined us since we started in 1993. The TCA believes that teleworking can benefit people by increasing the quality of life and improving access to work.

      Back issues:

    TransEuroSat Limited

    Transeurosat is a consortium joining the power of leading satellite consultancy Systemics Network International, the earth station expertise of Vitrociset (the European Space Agency's choice for its Redu ground station) and Iceland Telecom, best operator in the OECD league of business telephony prices.

    The consortium is designed to bring fast internet efficiently into the world's most rapidly growing markets - Europe, Asia and Africa. Transeurosat tracks developments in these regions, and offers customers connectivity and equipment solutions tailored to their specific needs.

    Offers a shareable but 1Gb metered 2Mb/sec DBS Satellite Downlink for approx. 35 euro per month.

    Aug. 2002

    802.11 Planet

    The Network allows you to target the Internet audience you're looking for -- a hi-tech community of Internet industry professionals, developers, and Web managers. The Network's Internet specific content assures that your ad dollars are well spent. With over 160 award-winning Web sites, 225 e-mail newsletters and more than 50 moderated e-mail discussion lists advertisers can be sure that they can target their marketing message to their desired audience.

    More than 20 million unique users generate 250 million page views monthly. Total "views", which include Web site page views, e-mail newsletter views and e-mail discussion list views, are now over 350 million per month.'s global presence includes editions in Asia, Australia, Germany, Japan, Korea, South Africa and Turkey.

    Let us create a highly successful marketing program tailored to your requirements.





    It all boils down to: there aren't enough IP numbers to go around.

    So not everyone can have their own IP address. "Some Big ISP" might let you have a dedicated IP, but they'll probably charge you extra for it. Chances are, though, they can't (or won't) help you.

    This is somewhat like having to change your phone number twice a day - if other people need to call you, they'll have a devil of a time doing it. Many users don't need a dedicated IP anyway; every time you dial up, an available IP will be selected from their pool, and given to you for as long as you stay connected. If you're only interested in browsing the Web, or maybe playing Quake III: Arena, a dynamic IP address is probably sufficient.

    If you want to run a BBS, or Web server, or any number of other services, on your home computer, though, having your phone number change all the time is a real problem.

    Enter Dynamic DNS services. They act like old-style phone operators: other users call the operator, and ask to speak to you, and magic happens. Every time your computer comes online, you tell the DDNS server what your current address is. Other users, through the magic of DNS, will be sent to the right place.

    If you just want to run a part-time Web server, or Shoutcast server, or something like that, you probably don't need to know most of this. But it may come in handy, and it's (I hope) interesting anyway. If you want to run a BBS, you'll almost certainly need to read on.

    Web Resources for DSRC Standardization

    1996/7 archives of short range wireless network standards leading to 802,11.

    Image of 16.jpg World Organisation of Systems and Cybernetics (WOSC) / The

    Organisation Mondiale pour la Syst mique et la Cyberntique (OMSC), is a federation of national associations and Institutions devoted to systems or cybernetics, with English, French and  Russian as official languages. It was founded in 1960 by Professor J. Rose, who is now Honorary Director of the organisation. 

    Dr Norbert Wiener is the President in Memoriam.

    The President is Professor Stafford Beer.

    ASTRA Broadband Interactive System

    Offering two-way broadband connectivity via satellite. The ASTRA Broadband Interactive System (BBI) is an open and neutral technology platform, offering users receive and transmit capabilities from the ASTRA Satellite System. Users will be able to receive data, video and audio at speeds of up to 38 Mbit/s. And the return channel from the users, sent via a Satellite Interactive Terminal (SIT) will transmit at speeds of up to 2 Mbit/s. BBI is optimized for asymmetric two-way communications (for example, for broadcasting or multicasting with interactive capabilities) and is based upon IP protocols, supporting all common standard Internet applications.



    Bentley Walker Ltd

    BU-1 is the first of a new generation of low cost, high speed
    internet services via satellite for which you need: 

    No Telephone Line
    No Leased Line 
    No ISDN Line                                 

    With this premium service, you have a permanent 2-way circuit that will save many hours delay in logging-on, downloading large files or surfing the net and eliminate all telephone costs. E-mails and data are forwarded automatically on receipt from the hub straight to your server or PC.

    The hub is connected by a high speed fibre optic link to the internet backbone, data is broadcast by the hub 4MB/s (upgradeable) in a DVB multiplex to each user terminal, each of which has a direct return link to the hub at 16KB/s (soon to be upgraded to 32KB/s) burst mode.






    "The greatest freedom one can give to another is how to become a self-sufficient learner and earner, via the Internet. This site is dedicated to those who lend their wings to others."

    Frank Odasz


    Microtik Network

    Free Software

    Microtik - Dude - Latvia

    Wireless Network Management Software

    The Dude network monitor is a new application by MikroTik which can dramatically improve the way you manage your network environment. It will automatically scan all devices within specified subnets, draw and layout a map of your networks, monitor services of your devices and alert you in case some service has problems.


    Note, for most users we recommend the standard version. For testing and experimentation with the new features, you may download the Beta version.

    March 2007

    Image of 25.jpg


    IEEE Standards Products Catalog: Wireless (802.11)

    List of related IEEE Standards in the IEEE Standards Association Products Catalog. 2/29/2000

    Image of 25.jpg

    New! IEEE 802 Standards Available for Free Download!

    IEEE 802.11 Wireless LAN Standards

    Beginning 15 May 2001, the IEEE is making 802 standards available for free download.

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    The IEEE 802.16 Working Group on Broadband Wireless Access Standards

    creating the IEEE 802.16 WirelessMANTM Standard for Wireless Metropolitan Area Networks

    The IEEE 802.16 Working Group on Broadband Wireless Access Standards develops standards and recommended practices to support the development and deployment of broadband Wireless Metropolitan Area Networks. 802.16 is a unit of the IEEE 802 LAN/MAN Standards Committee, the premier transnational forum for wireless networking standardization.

    Image of 24.jpg

    IEEE 802.11 MFG.

    IEEE 802.11 Wireless LAN Manufacturers

    Comprehensive List of IEEE 802.11 WLAN Manufacturers 


    Image of 28.jpg Linux WLAN

    Linux WLAN Products from Absolute Value Systems ..



    A High Speed

    Digital Backbone

    Radio Link

    A High Speed Digital Backbone Radio Link

    This page outlines my experimental aims towards building a low cost, high speed digital radio point to point link. Such links are intended as a backbone for a future high speed data network, and will run at speeds above 1 Mbps. Intended frequency of operation is in the amateur 10 GHz and/or 24 GHz bands.

    Why a high speed data network? I see several reasons why a high speed data network can be of benefit to the amateur community. Besides the obvious reasons of experimentation and relieving the congestion on the current packet radio system, I have outlined my thoughts on the matter in my essay: Amateur Radio - A Future Vision.

      Other WLAN links:

    Spread Spectrum Scene 

    Wireless Local Area Networks have certainly advanced over the last seven to 10 years, haven't they? Then there's all this controversy over which standard to use -- Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum, under FCC 802-11 or Frequency Hopping under FCC's new rulemaking issued August 31, 2000! Perhaps most significant are all the recent concerns about WLAN security.

    This page is intended to help guide you from the basic theory of WLANs, to the design of WLANs, through the selection of vendor hardware and system architecture. We provide links to recent news stories on WLANs, reference books available to purchase, and a wealth of free information on the Web! Please explore the links and Topics below to gain a more complete understanding of today's WLAN Systems!


    The future of internetcommunications lies in wireless technology. Build your Wireless LAN (WLAN) today and find out what all the talk is about. Wireless Internet is here.

    What is a WIPOP?

    A POP (Point Of Presence) is a term that is commonly used in the internet industry to denote a central facility or hub which subscribers use to access the internet provider's broadband backbone.

    Wireless 802.11 IP Phones

    Spectralink Wireless IP phones. These are robust (8m drop test) phones Dual pager/phone functionality. These interconnect via a standard IEEE 802.11 2.4 GHz Wireless Access Point (WAP). 

    Full function phones - they mirror the functions of the desk  phone and PBX. 

    The Wireless Access Point is thereby used to deliver both data AND voice.



    At Zonerider, we believe there is enough broadband capacity worldwide for others to enjoy while at the same time earning you - the Hotspot provider - money from your own Wifi network.

    Zonerider is a free downloadable windows program, that converts any wireless network into a revenue producing Hotspot. The Software itself is 0.5mgb in size, and runs in the background,
    allowing the PC to act as a dedicated Hotspot gateway

    End users signup for access with credit cards, Paypal, Moneybookers, or prepaid and at the end of the month we pay you a percentage of the revenue

    There are no hidden or monthly charges, the software is always free. You only need a windows PC and a wireless network. Because its windows it will work behind any Wifi or even wired hardware, and therefore works from the smallest to the largest and complex networks.

    Levi Russell :

    July 2011

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